Abstract: Autologous peripheral blood haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) cures 33%-40% of dogs with high-grade B-cell lymphoma. We hypothesized, based on human allogeneic bone marrow transplantation literature, that transplanting dogs using canine donor leukocyte-matched CD34+ cells would lead to fewer relapses and increased cure rates. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of dogs diagnosed with high-grade B-cell lymphoma who received an identical allogeneic HCT. A total of 15 dogs transplanted at four facilities were identified. Five of fifteen dogs relapsed before transplant. The mean number of donor CD34+ cells/kg harvested and infused into recipient dogs was 8.0 × 106 /kg (range: 2.08 × 106 /kg-2.9 × 107 /kg). The median disease-free interval and overall survival of all dogs was 1095 days (range: 9-2920 days) and 1115 days (range: 9-2920 days), respectively. Two of five dogs, not in remission at transplant, died in the hospital. The median disease-free interval and overall survival of the remaining three dogs was 25 days (range: 15-250 days) and 1100 days (range: 66-1902 days), respectively. The median disease-free interval and overall survival of the 10 dogs who had not relapsed was 1235 days (range: 19-2920 days) and 1235 days (range: 19-2920 days), respectively. One dog died soon after discharge of presumed gastric-dilatation-volvulus. Eight of nine remaining dogs lived >4 yrs post-alloHCT, leading to a cure rate of 89%. Acute graft versus host disease was seen in three dogs. These results suggest that allogeneic HCT can cure ~50% more dogs than those treated with autologous HCT.
Gareau A, Sekiguchi T, Warry E, Ripoll AZ, Sullivan E, Westfall T, Chretin J, Fulton LM, Harkey M, Storb R, Suter SE. Allogeneic peripheral blood haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for the treatment of dogs with high-grade B-cell lymphoma. Vet Comp Oncol. 2022 Jul 4. doi: 10.1111/vco.12847. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35789057.
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